Kalachakra Mandala, a remarkable representation of Tibetan art, exemplifies the profound symbolism and intricate detailing that characterise a Buddhist painting. As a central aspect of the Kalachakra Tantra, this mandala explores the complex interplay of time, cycles, and the universe, rendering it an essential symbol in Buddhist tradition.
A Tibetan mandala, literally meaning "circle," is a symbol in both Buddhism and Hinduism, representing the universe. In essence, the term "Kalachakra" refers to the "Wheel of Time," a concept that encompasses both the cyclical nature of time and the spiritual practices associated with it. The primary symbolism of the mandala Thangka centres around time as an ongoing, cyclical process, with various elements working in harmony to maintain balance within the cosmos.
At the core of the Kalachakra Mandala Thangka is a central palace, symbolising the abode of the Kalachakra deity and embodying the essence of the entire mandala. Surrounding this palace are concentric circles representing different layers of existence, from the outermost realm of the physical universe to the innermost realm of the mind. Structurally, the Square (Stupa) is circled by circles of fire, earth, wind, water, wisdom and space, a symbol of cosmic and psychic order.
Mandala holds spiritual significance and appear artistically in various cultures and philosophies worldwide. The renowned Swiss psychiatrist Dr. Carl Jung used mandala in his work with clients. He believed that, when concentrated upon, mandala could bring forth deeper human consciousness, enabling the client to receive revelations and meaning about their true potential and self-awareness.
Thangka mandala employs sacred geometry to create perfect geometrical shapes and aesthetic appearances, which can help establish a sacred space at home. Numerous philosophies and studies explore the flow and movement of energy within a space and how to guide it to offer the best benefits to individuals. Among them is Feng Shui, an ancient Chinese science of harmony and prosperous living. It suggests that one of the best ways to eliminate negative and enhance positive energies around us is to display a painting with positive imagery and meaning.